Forward X11 display to Ubuntu 14.04

I spent a lot of hours before realizing that Ubuntu 14.04 blocks tcp by default.

One can check this by

ps aux | grep X
root      1127  0.1  3.4 364380 71748 tty7     Ss+  12:08   0:00 /usr/bin/X -core :0 
   -seat seat0 -auth /var/run/lightdm/root/:0 -nolisten tcp vt7 -novtswitch

Notice the -nolisten option in output.

To enable it, add xserver-allow-tcp=true to lightdm:

sudo vi /usr/share/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/50-xserver-command.conf
 [SeatDefaults]
 # Dump core
 xserver-command=X -core
 xserver-allow-tcp=true

Restart X (or reboot) and forward X11 desktop by launching:

# server
export DISPLAY=<your-localhost-ip>:0

# client
xhost +

You can test Display forwarding by launching on server

xeyes

credits

DNS сервера Yota или почему не открывается hello.yota.ru

При подключении к сети Yota DNS сервера подкачиваются автоматически. Иногда этого не происходит.

Сообщение об ошибке:
Server not found hello.yota.ru
Сервер не найден hello.yota.ru

Невозможно зайти на my.yota.ru (личный кабинет), hello.yota.ru (активация бесплатного интернет) работает только главный сайт yota.ru

Решить данную проблему можно с помощью прописывания вручную DNS серверов.

DNS, которые мне продиктовал саппорт по телефону:
94.25.208.74
8.8.8.8

Размещение фотографий по дате съёмки с помощью Imagemagick и Bash

#!/bin/bash
# Goes through all jpeg files in current directory, grabs date from each
# and sorts them into subdirectories according to the date
# Creates subdirectories corresponding to the dates as necessary.
# Moves mov files by file creation date.

# sudo apt-get install imagemagick
for fil in *.JPG
do
    datepath="$(identify -verbose $fil | grep DateTimeOri | awk '{print $2 }' | sed s%:%%g)"
    if ! test -e "$datepath"; then
        mkdir -pv "$datepath"
    fi

    mv -v $fil $datepath
done

for mov in *.MOV
do
    datepath="$(stat $mov | grep Modify | awk '{print $2}' | sed s%-%%g)"
    if ! test -e "$datepath"; then
        mkdir -pv "$datepath"
    fi

    mv -v $mov $datepath
done

Credits: linuxjournal

Trac 1.0.1 in Ubuntu 14.04 with Basic Authentication (Nginx + uWSGI)

Install Trac

# install trac package from Ubuntu repo
sudo apt-get install trac

# init the project files
sudo mkdir -p /var/trac/myproject
cd /var/trac/myproject
sudo trac-admin . initenv

# basic authentication
sudo apt-get install apache2-utils
sudo htpasswd -c .htpasswd adminusername
sudo trac-admin . permission add adminusername TRAC_ADMIN

# folder permissions
sudo chown -R www-data: .
sudo chmod -R 775 .

cp wsgi_trac.py -> /var/trac/myproject/

import os
import sys
import trac.web.main
sys.stdout=sys.stderr
os.environ['TRAC_ENV'] = '/var/trac/myproject'
application = trac.web.main.dispatch_request

cp to /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/trac.conf or add to /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

server {
  listen  80;
  server_name  trac.local;

  location / {
    auth_basic_user_file /var/trac/myproject/.htpasswd;
    auth_basic 'this is not for you';
    uwsgi_param REMOTE_USER $remote_user;

    include  uwsgi_params;
    uwsgi_pass  127.0.0.1:5544;
  }
}

cp trac_uwsgi.ini -> /etc/uwsgi/apps-enabled/

[uwsgi]
uid=trac
gid=tracsys
chmod-socket=777
chown-socket=trac
chdir = /var/trac/myproject
socket = 127.0.0.1:5544
module = wsgi_trac:application
processes = 2
master = 1

restart the services

sudo service nginx restart && sudo service uwsgi restart

Credits: dev-smart, habrahabr.

P.S. Don’t forget about Nginx uwsgi_param REMOTE_USER for authentication to work.
I spent a lot of nerves fixing Trac Error: Authentication information not available 🙂

Remote rsyslogd with filters

Add at the beginning of /etc/rsyslog.d/50-default.conf:

$template PerHostLog,"/var/log/filename.log"
if $fromhost-ip != ’127.0.0.1′ then -?PerHostLog
& ~

Uncomment the lines in /etc/rsyslog.conf:

$ModLoad imudp
$UDPServerRun 514
$ModLoad imtcp
$InputTCPServerRun 514

Restart the service

sudo service rsyslog restart

Don’t forget to tune the permissions:

sudo chown syslog:syslog /var/log

Compress video keeping subtitles

This method is generally used if you are targeting a specific output file size and output quality from frame to frame is of less importance. This is best explained with an example. Your video is 10 minutes (600 seconds) long and an output of 50 MB is desired. Since bitrate = file size / duration:
(50 MB * 8192 [converts MB to kilobits]) / 600 seconds = ~683 kilobits/s total bitrate
683k – 128k (desired audio bitrate) = 555k video bitrate

avconv -y -i video.mkv -c:v libx264 -preset medium -b:v 555k -pass 1 -an -sn -f matroska /dev/null && \
avconv -i video.mkv -c:v libx264 -preset medium -b:v 555k -pass 2 -c:a libmp3lame -ac 2 -b:a 128k \ 
 -c:s copy -map 0:0 -map 0:1 -map 0:2 -map 0:3 video_out.mkv

Post request with JS without jQuery

  • “Vanilla” JavaScript (without jQuery)

    sendPost = function(url, data) {
        var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
        var params = serialize(data);
    
        xmlhttp.open("POST", url, true);
        xmlhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
        xmlhttp.setRequestHeader("Content-length", params.length);
        xmlhttp.setRequestHeader("Connection", "close");
    
        xmlhttp.send(params);
    
        xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
            if (xmlhttp.readyState === 4 && xmlhttp.status === 200){
                console.log(xmlhttp.responseText);
            }
        };
    }
    
    serialize = function(obj, prefix) {
        var str = [];
        for(var p in obj) {
            var k = prefix ? prefix + "[" + p + "]" : p, v = obj[p];
            str.push(typeof v == "object" ?
                    serialize(v, k) :
                    encodeURIComponent(k) + "=" + encodeURIComponent(v));
        }
        return str.join("&");
    }
    
    sendPost("http://some/host", {login: 'me@abc.def', password: 'mypassword'});
    
  • Or just use curl:

    curl 'http://some/host' --data 'login=me%40abc.def&password=mypassword'
    

Mongodb import/export via stdin-stdout

In the next example, mongoimport takes data passed to it on standard input (i.e. with a | pipe.)
Without the output specification (i.e. “-o collection.json”), mongoexport writes output to standard output (i.e. “stdout”).

mongoexport -d dbname -c colname | gzip > dump.txt.gz
zcat dump.txt.gz | mongoimport -d dbname -c colname